The Animal Kingdom: Classified Nomenclature of Zoology (External Features)

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For each group of animals in the division of vertebrates to be considered, there is a series of materials consisting of:

  • Wall chart of labeled pictures.
  • Folder with pictures
  • Separate reading labels
  • Definition cards
  • Control booklet of pictures and definitions

All of the external parts are taken into consideration for one species of the fish, amphibian, reptile, bird and mammal.

A live animal should be used for the presentation if possible. If not, a large, beautiful, but accurate poster should be used.



  1. The child lays out the pictures and matches the labels appropriately.
  2. The child knows the parts of the fish by name.
  3. The directress and children discuss where the fish lives and how it breathes.
  4. All living things, even plants need to breathe.
  5. Fish need to breathe, too.
  6. As we breathe air, the fish breathes air.
  7. It is a special kind of air that is dissolved in the water.
  8. Instead of lungs, which takes the oxygen and other gasses from the air , the gills take oxygen from the water.
  9. Look at the head of the fish.
  10. Look at its special shape for going through the water quickly.
  11. The lateral line lets the fish understand the movement and depth of the water around it.
  12. It can tell whether it is in a current or in still water.
  13. The pectoral and pelvic fins help the fish swim and stop when it needs to.
  14. They also give the fish stability.
  15. The dorsal fins help the fish swim and jump.
  16. The anal fins help it swim fast and keep its balance.
  17. The caudal fin helps it swim rapidly and also lets it change direction.
  18. Look at fish for these movements.
  19. Use three period lesson for this. Which fin helps it jump?, etc.

Control Of Error

Points Of Interest


  • To identify and define the fundamental external parts of animals that are familiar to the child.
  • To practice reading sentences.
  • To organize thoughts and express them orally and written.


  1. The child takes the definition cards, reads them and matches them to the pictures. The definition book is used for control if necessary.
  2. The children can draw pictures and write the definitions.